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Conformation-dependent membrane permeabilization by neurotoxic PrP oligomers: The role of the H2H3 oligomerization domain

Abstract : The relationship between prion propagation and the generation of neurotoxic species and clinical onset remains unclear. Several converging lines of evidence suggest that interactions with lipids promote various precursors to form aggregation-prone states that are involved in amyloid fibrils. Here, we compared the cytotoxicities of different soluble isolated oligomeric constructs from murine full-length PrP and from the restricted helical H2H3 domain with their effects on lipid vesicles. The helical H2H3 domain is suggested to be the minimal region of PrP involved in the oligomerization process. The discrete PrP oligomers of both the full-length sequence and the H2H3 domain have de novo beta-sheeted structure when interacting with the membrane. They were shown to permeabilize synthetic negatively charged vesicles in a dose-dependent manner. Restricting the polymerization domain of the full-length PrP to the H2H3 helices strongly diminished the ability of the corresponding oligomers to associate with the lipid vesicles. Furthermore, the membrane impairment mechanism occurs differently for the full-length PrP oligomers and the H2H3 helices, as shown by dye-release and black lipid membrane experiments. The membrane damage caused by the full-length PrP oligomers is correlated to their neuronal toxicity at submicromolar concentrations, as shown by cell culture assays. Although oligomers of synthetic H2H3 could compromise in vitro cell homeostasis, they followed a membrane-disruptive pattern that was different from the full-length oligomers, as revealed by the role of PrPC in cell viability assays.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 1:24:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - 11:20:04 AM
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Cécile Huin, Sabrina Cronier, Philippe Guégan, Vincent Béringue, Human Rezaei, et al.. Conformation-dependent membrane permeabilization by neurotoxic PrP oligomers: The role of the H2H3 oligomerization domain. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Elsevier, 2020, 692, ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-03064985⟩



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