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Doppler-free spectroscopy of the lowest triplet states of helium using double optical resonance

Abstract : Optical pumping on the 23S-23P transition (1083 nm) of metastable 3He or 4He atoms is used for science and applications. We report on its combination with an optical probe on the 23P{33S transition (706.5 nm) in a ladder-type double optical resonance scheme, with cw single-frequency pump and probe diode lasers. Theoretical expectations for level structure and absorption spectra were computed for both isotopes. Narrow Doppler-free spectral lines were experimentally obtained in low-pressure gas samples. The line weights and their Zeeman structure in weak magnetic field agreed with expectations. The precision of the line positions and line splittings was limited by generic errors of our commercial Fizeau wavemeter, which were independently characterised. The potential of this double resonance scheme for spectroscopic measurements on the three lowest triplet states of He was evaluated. The relevance of velocity- and sublevel-selective pumping combined with polarisation spectroscopy of probe absorption for a study of pressure-dependent population transfers in the 23P state was established.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03295023
Contributor : Pierre-Jean Nacher <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 6:51:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 4:11:54 PM

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Ali Dia, Marie Abboud, Pierre-Jean Nacher, Geneviève Tastevin. Doppler-free spectroscopy of the lowest triplet states of helium using double optical resonance. The European Physical Journal D : Atomic, molecular, optical and plasma physics, EDP Sciences, 2021, 75, pp.223. ⟨10.1140/epjd/s10053-021-00233-1⟩. ⟨hal-03295023⟩

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