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Numerical analysis of cavitation instabilities in inducer blade cascade

Abstract : The cavitation behavior of a four-blade rocket engine turbopump inducer was simulated by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code FINE∕TURBO™. The code was modified to take into account a cavitation model based on a homogeneous approach of cavitation, coupled with a barotropic state law for the liquid∕vapor mixture. In the present study, the numerical model of unsteady cavitation was applied to a four-blade cascade drawn from the inducer geometry. Unsteady behavior of cavitation sheets attached to the inducer blade suction side depends on the flow rate and cavitation number σ⁠. Numerical simulations of the transient evolution of cavitation on the blade cascade were performed for the nominal flow rate and different cavitation numbers, taking into account simultaneously the four blade-to-blade channels. Depending on the flow parameters, steady or unsteady behaviors spontaneously take place. In unsteady cases, subsynchronous or supersynchronous regimes were observed. Some mechanisms responsible for the development of these instabilities are proposed and discussed.
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Benoît Pouffary, Regiane Fortes Patella, Jean-Luc Reboud, Pierre-Alain Lambert. Numerical analysis of cavitation instabilities in inducer blade cascade. Journal of Fluids Engineering, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2007, ⟨10.1115/1.2903823⟩. ⟨hal-00265999⟩

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