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Refining the high-fidelity archaeointensity curve for western Europe over the past millennium: analysis of Tuscan architectural bricks (Italy)

Abstract : New archaeointensity results were obtained from fourteen groups of baked-brick fragments collected in and around Pisa (Tuscany, Italy). The fragments were assembled from civil and religious buildings whose dating of construction or renovation, over the past millennium, was constrained by documentary sources. This collection, analysed using the Triaxe protocol, was found particularly suitable for intensity experiments, with a success rate of ~84% corresponding to 276 fruitful specimens associated to 125 independent brick fragments. The Tuscan data clearly show a peak in intensity at the transition between the 16th and 17th centuries. They also are in very good agreement and are complementary to a dense dataset previously obtained in France. Considering the results available within a 700 km radius of Beaune (between Paris and Pisa), all satisfying a set of quality criteria, a mean geomagnetic field intensity variation curve was constructed for the past millennium using a newly developed transdimensional Bayesian technique. This curve, which thus incorporates the new Tuscan results, allows a better recognition of three intensity peaks (during the twelfth, the fourteenth, and around AD 1600) in Western Europe. The detail of this curve is a clear illustration of the centennial-scale resolution that can be achieved using accurate archaeointensity data.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03028885
Contributor : Agnès Genevey <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 6:08:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 9:40:16 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 28, 2021 - 8:35:06 PM

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Agnes Genevey, Claudia Principe, Yves Gallet, Giuseppe Clemente, Maxime Le Goff, et al.. Refining the high-fidelity archaeointensity curve for western Europe over the past millennium: analysis of Tuscan architectural bricks (Italy). The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society of London, 2019, 497 (1), pp.73-88. ⟨10.1144/SP497-2019-74⟩. ⟨hal-03028885⟩

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