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Identification of Two Regimes of Carrier Thermalization in PbS Nanocrystal Assemblies

Abstract : We bring fresh insight into the ensemble properties of PbS colloidal quantum dots with a critical review of the literature on semiconductors followed by systematic comparisons between steady-state photocurrent and photoluminescence measurements. Our experiments, performed with sufficiently low powers to neglect nonlinear effects, indicate that the photoluminescence spectra have no other noticeable contribution beside the radiative recombination of thermalized photocarriers (i.e. photocarriers in thermodynamic quasi-equilibrium). A phenomenological model based on the local Kirchhoff law is proposed that makes it possible to identify the nature of the thermalized photocarriers and to extract their temperatures from the measurements. Two regimes are observed: for highly compact assemblies of PbS quantum dots stripped from organic ligands, the thermalization concerns photocarriers distributed over a wide energy range. With PbS quantum dots cross-linked with 1,2-ethanedithiol or longer organic ligand chains, the thermalization concerns solely the fundamental exciton and can quantitatively explain all the observations, including the precise Stokes shift between the absorbance and luminescence maxima.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03233881
Contributor : Aloyse Degiron <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 10:20:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 4:27:35 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 26, 2021 - 6:29:09 PM

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Augustin Caillas, Stéphan Suffit, Pascal Filloux, Emmanuel Lhuillier, Aloyse Degiron. Identification of Two Regimes of Carrier Thermalization in PbS Nanocrystal Assemblies. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, American Chemical Society, 2021, pp.5123-5131. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpclett.1c01206⟩. ⟨hal-03233881⟩

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