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Antitumor Activity and Mechanism of Action of Hormonotoxin, an LHRH Analog Conjugated to Dermaseptin-B2, a Multifunctional Antimicrobial Peptide

Abstract : Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. For patients with advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, available treatments can slow down its progression but cannot cure it. The development of innovative drugs resulting from the exploration of biodiversity could open new therapeutic alternatives. Dermaseptin-B2, a natural multifunctional antimicrobial peptide isolated from Amazonian frog skin, has been reported to possess antitumor activity. To improve its pharmacological properties and to decrease its peripheral toxicity and lethality we developed a hormonotoxin molecule composed of dermaseptin-B2 combined with d-Lys6-LHRH to target the LHRH receptor. This hormonotoxin has a significant antiproliferative effect on the PC3 tumor cell line, with an IC50 value close to that of dermaseptin-B2. Its antitumor activity has been confirmed in vivo in a xenograft mouse model with PC3 tumors and appears to be better tolerated than dermaseptin-B2. Biophysical experiments showed that the addition of LHRH to dermaseptin-B2 did not alter its secondary structure or biological activity. The combination of different experimental approaches indicated that this hormonotoxin induces cell death by an apoptotic mechanism instead of necrosis, as observed for dermaseptin-B2. These results could explain the lower toxicity observed for this hormonotoxin compared to dermaseptin-B2 and may represent a promising targeting approach for cancer therapyY
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03388092
Contributor : Mohamed Amiche Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 11:08:14 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 10, 2022 - 4:35:47 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 7:33:16 PM

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Mickael Couty, Marie Dusaud, Micka Miro-Padovani, Liuhui Zhan, Patricia Zadigue, et al.. Antitumor Activity and Mechanism of Action of Hormonotoxin, an LHRH Analog Conjugated to Dermaseptin-B2, a Multifunctional Antimicrobial Peptide. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22 (21), pp.11303. ⟨10.3390/ijms222111303⟩. ⟨hal-03388092⟩

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