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Droit comparé de l'environnement : la valorisation du patrimoine des aires protégées brésiliennes et françaises

Abstract : Despite the impressive techno-scientific capacity of modern societies, and for the most part precisely as a result of it, several indicators leave no doubt about the accelerated destruction of the nature of the planet. Although signs of this degradation have been perceived at various moments in history, it is from the effects of the Industrial Revolution that men, for the first time on a visible scale, becomes aware of his role as an agent of environmental change and decides to act to combat the negative effects of these changes. A milestone in the history of contemporary environmental protection goals, this important change resulted both in the constitution of an autonomous segment of society concerned with the protection of nature, and in the institutionalisation of a specific operational tool: the natural protected area.The impressive success protected areas have found among governments should not obscure the fact that this success is a relatively recent phenomenon resulting from the profound modifications nature protection policy has seen in the last decades, which have also led to two in increasingly visible observations. On the one hand, states have experienced a significant increase in the financial resources needed for the conservation of natural areas, followed by the recognition that protected areas should benefit from a certain financial independence and contribute to development. On the other hand, it is increasingly clear that the effectiveness of protected areas depends on the awareness, education, persuasion and the commitment of the population.As a consequence, new forms of regulation are sought and law is called upon to offer alternatives for the valorisation of these spaces and the integration of environmental concerns into social practices. In this regard, protected Areas can play an important role as experimental areas for the search of such an alternative, as they are spaces that have both a growing need for financial resources and the necessary regulatory and institutional framework necessary for the development of such new practices.In this sense, valorisation has gained recognition as a concept capable of responding to the current challenges of nature conservation policies, for its aptitude to link the seemingly contradictory goals of nature protection and local economic development.In this work we seek to identify and compare how Brazilian and French law have taken into account this new objectives, and their contributions towards it implementations. In other words, this thesis draws on the valorisation of the environmental heritage of protected areas in Brazilian and French law, from a comparative point of view. Towards this objective, it deals successively with the notions of valorisation of the environmental heritage of Protected Area, the political consideration of this valorisation as a notion capable of responding to the contemporary challenges of protected areas, and finally the contributions of Brazilian law and French law.
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André Olavo Leite. Droit comparé de l'environnement : la valorisation du patrimoine des aires protégées brésiliennes et françaises. Droit. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CNAM1175⟩. ⟨tel-01899057⟩

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