Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Late Variscan (315 Ma) subduction or deceptive zircon REE patterns and U-Pb dates from migmatite-hosted eclogites? (Montagne Noire, France)

Abstract : Eclogites hosted in sillimanite-bearing migmatites in the Montagne Noire dome (French Massif Central) have an oceanic protolith and recorded a prograde P–T path from ~19.5 kbar, 700°C to the pressure peak at ~21 kbar, 750°C (pseudosection modelling), suggesting metamorphism in a subductional setting. Subsequent exhumation to low-pressure high-temperature (LP–HT) conditions (~6 kbar, 730°C) is constrained by the equilibration conditions of the embedding migmatite. In samples of a fresh and a retrogressed eclogite, all zircon crystals but one display similar REE patterns (no Eu anomaly, flat HREE), usually ascribed to crystallisation under eclogite-facies conditions. Yet, the U-Pb apparent ages of zircon crystals from both eclogites spread from c. 360 Ma to a dominant data cluster at c. 315 Ma. The c. 315-310 Ma zircon U-Pb dates obtained from the embedding migmatite are interpreted as the age of crystallisation of the partial melt during the LP–HT metamorphic stage. First-order geological evidence, in particular the sedimentary record, excludes the existence of a subduction zone in the region at this period. Unless calling upon a major reappraisal of the tectonics of the European Variscan orogen, this suggests an ambiguous relation between REE patterns and U-Pb dates in the zircon population. Various scenarios that could account for the observations are discussed. Confronting our data with the results of a previously published Sm-Nd dating of garnet, and regional considerations, we consider that 360 Ma is the best approximation of the minimum age of the eclogite-facies event. We hypothesise that the eclogites formed farther north and were transferred to their present location by lower-crustal flow. It is inferred that during the subsequent exhumation, eclogite-facies zircon grains recrystallised and underwent partial to total resetting of their U-Pb system, whereas the REE system remained mostly unmodified. These results caution against the use of REE patterns as the only criterion to associate a specific zircon age with HP metamorphism in eclogites occurring in migmatitic domes.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03188533
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 4:06:44 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 8:02:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 8:23:33 AM

File

 Restricted access
To satisfy the distribution rights of the publisher, the document is embargoed until : 2021-12-14

Please log in to resquest access to the document

Identifiers

Citation

Pavel Pitra, Marc Poujol, Jean van den Driessche, Eloise Bretagne, Caroline Lotout, et al.. Late Variscan (315 Ma) subduction or deceptive zircon REE patterns and U-Pb dates from migmatite-hosted eclogites? (Montagne Noire, France). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, Wiley-Blackwell, inPress, ⟨10.1111/jmg.12609⟩. ⟨insu-03188533⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

153