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La suppression de Topaz1 perturbe la méiose et l'expression des ARN non-codant longs testiculaires au cours de la spermatogenèse murine.

Abstract : Topaz1 (Testis and Ovary specific PAZ domain gene 1), a germ cell specific factor, is a highly conserved gene in vertebrates. The study of the Topaz1-inactivation mouse model demonstrated its essential role for male fertility. The absence of Topaz1 in mutant mice caused spermatogenesis arrest during the first meiotic division. Topaz1-/- spermatocytes, blocked at the end of meiotic prophase I, showed chromosome misalignment along the metaphase I plate. Histological experiments specified that the differences observed between Topaz1-/- and Topaz1+/+ mouse testes appeared between 15 (P15) and 20 (P20) days post-partum. Previously, transcriptomic analyses using a whole-genome expression array indicated that 10% of P20-deregulated genes (DEGs) were long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). During this thesis, high throughput transcriptomic analyses (RNAseq) were performed at P16 and P18 in order to better characterise the testicular phenotype of mice lacking the Topaz1 gene. From P16, the testicular transcriptome was disturbed and the DEGs number was multiplied by 10 at P18. Genes associated with centrosome, centriole, microtubule dynamics and spermatogenesis belonged to the most disturbed molecular pathways. Moreover, a quarter of DEGs were lncRNAs. Three of them, deregulated at P16 and P18, were studied by in situ hybridization and molecular biology techniques. They were germ cell specific. Thus, a new mouse model deleted for one of these lncRNAs was generated using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. These mutant mice developed normally and were fertile in both sexes. However, mutant male mice presented a more than 50% decrease in the epididymal sperm concentration as well as a change in motility parameters compared to wild-type mice. New RNAseq analyses were realised to study testicular transcriptome of these mice. These showed that this lncRNA regulates a large number of protein-coding genes (approximately 80% of the DEGs at P18). There again, some of them regulated microtubule dynamics, spermatogenesis and haploid gamete generation.In conclusion, this work shows that the murine Topaz1 gene is therefore essential for the establishment of the bipolar spindle during the transition from late prophase I to metaphase I and its absence prevents the first meiotic division. The deregulation of a significant number of protein-coding genes of the centrosome, microtubule movements and spermatogenesis, as well as the strong repression of lncRNAs expression within mouse testis, suggests that RNAs-proteins complexes are formed during meiosis.In this study, deletion of one of these lncRNA did not affect fertility in mice even though sperm concentration was halved. In men, such a decrease could lead to male infertility. A mutation of the Topaz1 gene in men could also induce non-obstructive azoospermia. The study of RNAs-proteins complexes could represent a new field of investigation in the understanding of infertility, particularly in meiotic regulation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 12:10:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03279163, version 1

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Manon Chadourne. La suppression de Topaz1 perturbe la méiose et l'expression des ARN non-codant longs testiculaires au cours de la spermatogenèse murine.. Reproduction sexuée. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASL021⟩. ⟨tel-03279163⟩

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