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Global distribution of earthworm diversity

Helen R.P. Phillips 1, 2 Carlos A. Guerra 1, 3 Marie L.C. Bartz 4 Maria J.I. Briones 5 George Brown 6 Thomas W. Crowther 7 Olga Ferlian 1, 8 Konstantin B. Gongalsky 9, 10 Johan van den Hoogen 7 Julia Krebs 1, 8 Alberto Orgiazzi 11 Devin Routh 7 Benjamin Schwarz 12 Elizabeth Bach 13 Joanne Bennett 1, 3 Ulrich Brose 1, 14 Thibaud Decaëns 15 Birgitta König-Ries 1, 16 Michel Loreau 17 Jérôme Mathieu 18 Christian Mulder 19 Wim H. van der Putten 20, 21 Kelly S. Ramirez 20 Matthias C. Rillig 22, 23 David Russell 24 Michiel Rutgers 25 Madhav P. Thakur 20 Franciska T. de Vries 25 Diana H. Wall 13, 26 David A. Wardle 27 Miwa Arai 28 Fredrick O. Ayuke 29 Geoff H. Baker 30 Robin Beauséjour 31 José C. Bedano 32 Klaus Birkhofer 33 Eric Blanchart 34 Bernd Blossey 35 Thomas Bolger 36, 37 Robert L. Bradley 31 Mac A. Callaham 38 Yvan Capowiez 39 Mark E. Caulfield 40 Amy Choi 41 Felicity V. Crotty 42 Andrea Dávalos 35, 43 Darío J. Diaz Cosin 44 Anahí Dominguez 32 Andrés Esteban Duhour 45 Nick van Eekeren 46 Christoph Emmerling 47 Liliana B. Falco 48 Rosa Fernández 49 Steven J. Fonte 50 Carlos Fragoso 51 André L.C. Franco 13 Martine Fugère 31 Abegail T. Fusilero 52 Shaieste Gholami 53 Michael J. Gundale 54 Mónica Gutiérrez López 44 Davorka K. Hackenberger 55 Luis M. Hernández 56 Takuo Hishi 57 Andrew R. Holdsworth 58 Martin Holmstrup 59 Kristine N. Hopfensperger 60 Esperanza Huerta Lwanga 61, 62 Veikko Huhta 63 Tunsisa T. Hurisso 50, 64 Basil V. Iannone Iii 65 Madalina Iordache 66 Monika Joschko 67 Nobuhiro Kaneko 68 Radoslava Kanianska 69 Aidan M. Keith 70 Courtland A. Kelly 71 Maria L. Kernecker 72 Jonatan Klaminder 73 Armand W. Koné 74 Yahya Kooch 75 Sanna T. Kukkonen 76 H. Lalthanzara 77 Daniel R. Lammel 23, 78 Iurii M. Lebedev 9, 10 Yiqing Li 79 Juan B. Jesus Lidon 44 Noa K. Lincoln 80 Scott R. Loss 81 Raphaël Marichal 82 Radim Matula 83 Jan Hendrik Moos 84, 85 Gerardo Moreno 86 Alejandro Morón-Ríos 87 Bart Muys 88 Johan Neirynck 89 Lindsey Norgrove 90 Marta Novo 44 Visa Nuutinen 91 Victoria Nuzzo 92 Mujeeb Rahman P 93 Johan Pansu 94, 95 Shishir Paudel 96 Guénola Pérès 97 Lorenzo Pérez-Camacho 98 Raúl Piñeiro 99 Jean-François Ponge 100 Muhammad Imtiaz Rashid 101, 102 Salvador Rebollo 98 Javier Rodeiro-Iglesias 103 Miguel A. Rodriguez 104 Alexander M. Roth 105, 106 Guillaume X. Rousseau 56, 107 Anna Rozen 108 Ehsan Sayad 53 Loes van Schaik 109 Bryant C. Scharenbroch 110 Michael Schirrmann 111 Olaf Schmidt 37, 112 Boris Schröder 22, 113 Julia Seeber 114, 115 Maxim P. Shashkov 116, 117 Jaswinder Singh 118 Sandy M. Smith 119 Michael Steinwandter 115 José A. Talavera 120 Dolores Trigo 44 Jiro Tsukamoto 121 Anne W. de Valença 122 Steven J. Vanek 71 Iñigo Virto 123 Adrian A. Wackett 124 Matthew W. Warren 125 Nathaniel H. Wehr 126 Joann K. Whalen 127 Michael B. Wironen 128 Volkmar Wolters 129 Irina V. Zenkova 130 Weixin Zhang 131 Erin K. Cameron 132, 133 Nico Eisenhauer 134, 8
Abstract : Soil organisms, including earthworms, are a key component of terrestrial ecosystems. However, little is known about their diversity, distribution, and the threats affecting them. Here, we compiled a global dataset of sampled earthworm communities from 6928 sites in 57 countries to predict patterns in earthworm diversity, abundance, and biomass. We identified that local species richness and abundance typically peaked at higher latitudes, patterns opposite to those observed in aboveground organisms. However, diversity across the entirety of the tropics may be higher than elsewhere, due to high species dissimilarity across locations. Climate variables were more important in shaping earthworm communities than soil properties or habitat cover. These findings suggest that climate change may have serious implications for earthworm communities and therefore the functions they provide.
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Helen R.P. Phillips, Carlos A. Guerra, Marie L.C. Bartz, Maria J.I. Briones, George Brown, et al.. Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019, 366 (6464), pp.480-485. ⟨10.1126/science.aax4851⟩. ⟨hal-02337185⟩

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